¶ 3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 1 The APrIGF Synthesis Document is a new experiment of the APrIGF Macao 2015. The concept was first raised and discussed at the APrIGF New Delhi 2014 Multi-Stakeholder Steering Group (MSG) meetings, and further refined over the course of MSG deliberations throughout the year. The Synthesis Document aims to identify items of common interest and relevance to Internet governance within the Asia Pacific region.
¶ 4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 1 The first draft of this document, which was circulated on the APrIGF MSG mailing list and posted publicly to solicit comment, was based on the submitted and accepted workshop proposals for the APrIGF containing the placeholders for topics to be discussed at the APrIGF event. Through a series of “Synthesis Document Discussion” sessions at APrIGF Macao 2015, there emerged a rough consensus among the APrIGF participants to move forward with the Synthesis Document, with an extended comment period to further solicit a wider input on this open document. A volunteer Drafting Team was formed on 2 July to steer document development, and an initial meeting laid groundwork for the document structure and timeline for public input.
¶ 5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 1 THIS APRIGF 2015 MACAO OUTCOMES DOCUMENT – DRAFT 0 HAS INCORPORATED COMMENTS RECEIVED AT THE APRIGF EVENT BOTH ONSITE AND REMOTE, AS WELL AS COMMENTS RECEIVED BY 8 JULY FROM THE ONLINE COMMENTING TOOL. THIS DRAFT 1 WILL BE OPEN FOR PUBLIC INPUT UNTIL AUGUST 4, 2015 24:00 UTC, AND IS EXPECTED TO BE FURTHER DEVELOPED AND FINALIZED BY THE DRAFTING TEAM BY AUGUST 14, 2015.
¶ 8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 0 The Synthesis Document aims to document the input from participants at the APrIGF (as well as the broader APrIGF community through remote participation and dissemination at the mailing list) and is not intended to be representative of the diverse Asia Pacific region. Nevertheless, it is anticipated by APrIGF MSG that the development of this Synthesis Document can help drive active participation in the movement, as well as to allow for a platform to voices, views and thoughts in the Asia Pacific region as contribution to relevant global, national, local and international forums on Internet Governance.
¶ 10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 0 Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF) serves as a platform for discussion, exchange and collaboration at a regional level, and also wherever possible tries to aggregate national and local Internet Governance Forum (IGF) discussions, ultimately advance the Internet governance development in the Asia Pacific region.
¶ 11 Leave a comment on paragraph 11 0 “Evolution of Internet Governance: Empowering Sustainable Development” was the main theme of the sixth APrIGF held in Macao. With 34 sessions spanning 9 sub-themes on Cyber Security and Trust; Internet Economy; Enhancing multi-stakeholder cooperation; Internet and Human Rights; Inclusiveness and Diversity; Critical Internet Resources; Openness; Emerging Issues; and the IANA Transition, there was robust discussion and comprehensive engagement of participants coming from 20+ countries and territories in the Asia Pacific region and beyond.
¶ 12 Leave a comment on paragraph 12 0 The issues highlighted in this document summarize the collaborative efforts of the bottom-up multi-stakeholder community process intended to serve as the Asia Pacific regional contributions towards the international Internet Governance discourse, including the IGF, as well as towards local and national Internet governance deliberations in the Asia Pacific region.
- ¶ 13 Leave a comment on paragraph 13 0
- Key Issues in the Asia Pacific region and suggestions for ways forward
¶ 14 Leave a comment on paragraph 14 0 The majority of the next billion people coming online will be from the Asia Pacific region, and critical priorities need to be addressed from local to national to region-wide levels. Given the wide spectrum of social, economic, political and geographic diversity in the region, comparative analysis of cross-regional trends will allow the development of policy framework building on the momentum and knowledge of previous work.
¶ 15 Leave a comment on paragraph 15 0 Among the discussions held at the APrIGF Macao 2015, the participants have identified the following issues and concerns for the Asia Pacific region (in no particular order):
- ¶ 16 Leave a comment on paragraph 16 0
- Evolution of Internet Governance (main theme of APrIGF 2015):
¶ 17 Leave a comment on paragraph 17 0 Diverse views from the Asia Pacific region should be taken not as discord but as a reflection of the different challenges and dynamics of the multi-stakeholder model employed under different conditions. More importantly, the global Internet Governance consensus development processes should better take into account such disparate conditions in considering voices from the Asia Pacific region, alongside more advanced participation from other regions.
- ¶ 18 Leave a comment on paragraph 18 1
- Bringing the next billion online and bridging the digital divide:
¶ 19 Leave a comment on paragraph 19 3 Combined efforts from both the public and private sectors is needed to create sustainable initiatives to solve issues of accessibility and digital literacy for the underserved.
¶ 21 Leave a comment on paragraph 21 5 Wi-Fi has become a vital method for achieving internet connectivity, due to its use for ad-hoc local networking, and its easy accessibility from mobile devices. Open access to the frequency and spectrum is increasingly important to support the ongoing growth of Wi-Fi for Internet access.
¶ 23 Leave a comment on paragraph 23 1 Refine and rediscover a new model for youth participation beyond current practices for better integration with regional IGF and related youth IGF activities. The APrIGF will continue to foster youth participation and we hope that other IGF initiatives will continue to do the same.
¶ 25 Leave a comment on paragraph 25 1 Taking steps from the design of the network to output analyses of data collected (personal and public) to ensure no individual or community is discriminated against.
- ¶ 26 Leave a comment on paragraph 26 1
- Universal Acceptance of Internationalized Domain Names & Email Addresses (IDN and EAI):
¶ 27 Leave a comment on paragraph 27 2 The diverse linguistic spectrum of this region underlines the necessity for faster realization of universal acceptance of the internationalization of core internet identity technologies (DNS and email) so people can connect using their own language.
¶ 29 Leave a comment on paragraph 29 4 Recognize the need for a single, stable, and secure Internet, and how these can help provide a trusted environment for the adoption and use of the Internet. Measures should be taken up by the Multistakeholder community (Including but not limited to Public, Private, Technical and Civil Society) to enhance the level of trust on the Internet platform. This can be achieved using inculcating trust protocols within the communication, which can be further improved by policy dissemination and awareness.
¶ 31 Leave a comment on paragraph 31 2 Human rights and development are integrally linked. It is widely accepted that human rights standards should equally apply online. Respect, defense and the promotion of a wide range of human rights online in the region need to be strengthened. Violations of rights to freedom of expression and to privacy through online censorship, sexual harassment and mass surveillance are growing concerns. Commitment by states and private sector to developing and adopting clear standards, procedures for protection and transparency are needed to strengthen respect for human rights on the internet in the region.
¶ 33 Leave a comment on paragraph 33 0 While the subsidiarity principle suggests and should allow different approaches to Internet Governance in different geographic areas, there are core values which can be identified and retained (or maximised) in order to maintain a single global Internet. These include accessibility, privacy, openness and neutrality.
¶ 35 Leave a comment on paragraph 35 0 Recognize the potential for cooperation between the Internet Governance space and emerging technology for a virtual currency that can power the economy of the next billion
¶ 39 Leave a comment on paragraph 39 2 Network neutrality debate is gaining importance in the region especially in regard to the implications for developing countries and marginalised users. A variety of divergent approaches are emerging around network neutrality legislation. There is need to promote openness and broadband consultations in the process of elaborating or scrutinising approaches to network neutrality legislation.
¶ 41 Leave a comment on paragraph 41 0  IGF 2014 Chair’s Summary: Connecting Continents for Enhanced Multistakeholder Internet Governance, Section 1.1 (http://www.intgovforum.org/cms/documents/igf-meeting/igf-2014-istanbul/308-igf-2014-chairs-summary-final/file) underlines the spirit with which this document is being undertaken.