¶ 1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 4 The Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF) 2022 will be held from 12-14 September in a hybrid format, virtually, and physically hosted in Singapore. APrIGF will be co-locating with APNIC54 and APSIG for the first time, with APNIC as the co-host of the hybrid event. The overarching theme for APrIGF 2022 is “People at the Centre: Envisioning a community-led Internet that is inclusive, sustainable and trusted”. The main theme incorporates three high-level thematic tracks, namely “Inclusion”, “Sustainability”, and “Trust”.
¶ 2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 3 The use of high-level thematic tracks was to enable discussions on cross-cutting issues related to Internet Governance in the Asia Pacific region. This allows the APrIGF community to recognise and appreciate the complexity and interrelated nature of diverse Internet Governance issues and understand their significance at a policy level in all economies across the region. Thus, the APrIGF Multistakeholder Steering Group (MSG) adopted a more flexible and all-encompassing approach to the design of the APrIGF 2021 program. This year APrIGF will continue to use these high-level themes designed to encompass various sub-topics under each track, and session organisers and participants are encouraged to approach policy discussions creatively in an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary manner.
¶ 3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 9 Inclusion is about deliberate actions to facilitate ubiquitous access and equity for all communities, not only in Internet connectivity, but also in building capacity on digital skills. Inclusion is also about engaging diverse stakeholders to ensure that all voices are treated equally in the multistakeholder decision-making processes. The inherent diversity and sheer geography of the Asia-Pacific region presents a daunting challenge to ensure digital connectivity to all. How can stakeholders work together to ensure and support access to reliable and affordable Internet and that no one is left behind?
¶ 6 Leave a comment on paragraph 6 1 What is the state of connectivity in APAC? How has Covid-19 impacted internet adoption in these countries? What are some of the bottlenecks in ensuring affordable broadband connectivity for all? What role can different stakeholders such as civil society, private sector, ISPs and telecom companies play in bridging the existing digital divide?
¶ 8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 7 How can we ensure the entrance to Internet Governance spaces is more inclusive and accessible for more diverse and newer voices for more robust cross-disciplinary interaction across the region?
¶ 10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 2 Digital literacy entails more than just technical knowledge. It covers a variety of ethical, social, and reflective behaviors that are critical for online resilience and ethical digital citizenship development. How can the digital literacy movement encourage multi-stakeholder collaboration to create an ecosystem that discovers, nurtures and sustains local champions?
¶ 12 Leave a comment on paragraph 12 1 How to improve the accessibility of infrastructure (meaningful connectivity, affordability, tools, devices) required for providing digital education at school and at home? With unprecedented economic changes ushered by technological innovations, digital education is uniquely positioned to build the future workforce’s skill sets. But is digital education sufficiently equipped for the task?
¶ 14 Leave a comment on paragraph 14 1 The emergency remote teaching has affected higher education institutions and created challenges for multiple stakeholders including students, faculties, administrators, and policy makers. What are the challenges faced by students with disabilities (SWDs) worsened by COVID-19?
¶ 16 Leave a comment on paragraph 16 2 Accessibility for persons with a disability needs to be mainstreamed for a truly inclusive Internet. How can a combination of online training and face-to-face interactive sharing of skills build such a disability voice? How can these capacity-building skills be transferred to a wider group to stimulate more advocacy and achieve a more accessible online community?
¶ 18 Leave a comment on paragraph 18 2 With more people actively participating in the digital economy, it is vital to acknowledge the fact that persons with disabilities still face a number of disparities in the digital spaces which greatly inhibit their ability to practice their digital rights. Is there enough information at a regional level about various disabilities and any support needs? What considerations for infrastructure, learning material and platform, as well as communication with support services need to be in place?
¶ 19 Leave a comment on paragraph 19 3 Trust calls for striking a good balance between security and people’s fundamental freedoms and rights to privacy. The security, stability, and resiliency of the Internet are critical to ensuring users can benefit from a healthy digital environment. Collectively, the stakeholders must work towards a safe, reliable and trustworthy cyberspace that enables the fair use of the Internet without compromising on user safety, personal data and mutual respect. What are the roles and responsibilities of governments, industry, civil society, and other stakeholders to maintain trust in Internet governance?
¶ 22 Leave a comment on paragraph 22 5 Disinformation has become one of the biggest threats to trust on the Internet, in Asia and all over the world, as well as a major threat for public health, frauds, crimes, inequality, discrimination and election integrity. What should the civil/technical society as well as governments do and how can stakeholders work in collaboration with each other?
¶ 24 Leave a comment on paragraph 24 4 In recent years, a number of electoral events around the world have given rise to concerns among election regulators and civil society groups about the role of social media in spreading mis/disinformation during elections, with the potential to manipulate the conduct and outcome of elections. What are the impacts of mis/disinformation in an unregulated social media platform in influencing election outcome? What are potential solutions to regulating social media without undermining freedom of speech?
¶ 26 Leave a comment on paragraph 26 2 The latest report issued by UN Women and UNFPA (2021) indicates that online misogyny rose, including trolling, sexual harassment and victim-blaming since the pandemic Covid-19 started. What safeguards and solutions can we implement to make the internet a safer place for women?
¶ 28 Leave a comment on paragraph 28 3 The COVID-19 crisis has called for immediate policy intervention at an unprecedented scale. Governments across Southeast Asia have turned to digital solutions for managing the COVID-19 pandemic, including deploying digital contact tracing technologies and accelerating digital transformation in the public sector. Would temporary measures enacted during the pandemic have long-term effects on the governance of personal data?
¶ 30 Leave a comment on paragraph 30 2 How has the pandemic shifted the digital rights agenda in your specific context? What kind of shifts in strategy & approach have had to be made in efforts to advocate for digital rights as a result? What has been the impact on outcomes? What efforts and actions are needed now to better protect digital rights & ensure a rights-based approach to technology related policy-making and internet governance?
¶ 32 Leave a comment on paragraph 32 0 What are the common operational challenges including trend and source of threat that CSOs face from censorship to surveillance in an already shrinking civic space? What are opportunities of digital resiliency, digital capacity, shared best practices and collaboration among civil society organization in the Asia Pacific region?
¶ 34 Leave a comment on paragraph 34 5 Deceptive designs are most relevant to the Trust including privacy, data governance, tech regulation, surveillance, multistakeholderism, digital rights, and cyber norms. While policymakers attempt to write laws that regulate technology platforms, web and UX designers are too often not included in the development of the law and the result is poor design that does not meet the regulation’s true intention. What are the regional experiences tackling the issue and how can we advance a future with trusted design?
¶ 36 Leave a comment on paragraph 36 3 Attacks on healthcare can have potentially devastating humanitarian consequences as they prevent access to and the delivery of essential services. Unfortunately, this situation has worsened since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Medical staff and healthcare facilities, already under immense pressure due to the strains of the pandemic, suddenly had to deal with increasingly sophisticated cyberattacks. In a number of cases this has resulted in a direct impact on patients, whose treatments were delayed or postponed. What are the lessons learned and how do we use scenario-based resilience planning and good practices to protect this vital sector?
¶ 38 Leave a comment on paragraph 38 0 Routing security remains one of the top vulnerabilities when it comes to national, regional and global Internet infrastructure. Even though there are nearly daily calls and comments from multiple quarters (government, business, users) on cybersecurity and the need to secure Internet infrastructure, limited attention is paid to securing one of the foundational building blocks critical to the Internet’s functioning. What are the views from different sectors of our community on this matter and what we can do to further improve the security of the routing infrastructure?
¶ 39 Leave a comment on paragraph 39 4 The evolution of the Internet and its applications has facilitated the development of the digital economy and substantial advancement in science, agriculture, health and education. Sustainability draws attention towards careful consideration of the global effects and outcomes of technology and its innovations. What is the Internet’s impact on the environment? How resilient is it? How can Internet related technologies help to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals?
¶ 42 Leave a comment on paragraph 42 3 Asia is particularly lagging behind when it comes to sustainability and carbon initiatives. Government and industry are the two key sectors which can create major influence on any fundamental and infrastructural changes to improve the energy efficiency of the Internet. How can these two sectors to reflect on the concerns around sustainability and address the obstacles faced in Asia Pacific region? How can multistakeholder collaboration in policy making achieve the most beneficial results for climate action and sustainability?
¶ 44 Leave a comment on paragraph 44 2 How can we create a more inclusive and equitable workforce, whilst ensuring the sustainability of business models and livelihoods? Are these at odds with each other? What are the trade-offs? How can policymakers find the right equilibrium?