¶ 3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 12 Cybersecurity is a growing concern, especially in developing economies where security measures have yet to catch up with the exponential growth of online economies and the emerging technologies. To ensure a secure Internet in the era of Internet of Things and proliferation of automation, we need to increase technical capabilities. Network operators and IT professionals are responsible for assessing potential security risks and providing mitigation measures. Law enforcement also play a critical role in ensuring that the Internet is a safe environment for users while maintaining the balance between individual privacy rights and protection.
¶ 4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 6 What kinds of new security developments and encryption standards are needed for emerging Internet technologies? What are the powers and responsibilities of all the stakeholders in this space? How are we going to face the future challenges in cyber threats?
¶ 6 Leave a comment on paragraph 6 13 Privacy and data protection are critical issues now, especially as they may come into conflict with freedom of expression, and can result in data-driven discrimination. It is important to protect and respect the rights of users while ensuring digital security as a whole. In addition, it is vital for all stakeholders to cooperate and collaborate on effective policies and frameworks to uphold the freedom of expression online, free flow of information, and the protection of children and youth and women online. The Internet community should take a proactive approach (contributing to the efforts of regulators and legislators to strengthen online privacy and data protection), and also collaborate with agencies and organisations which are trying to combat ‘hate speech’. Will the emerging national and regional personal data protection laws, regulations and non-tariff measures (NTMs) affect innovation or digital economy? As cross-border data-flow increases, how will tensions with data localization be addressed?
¶ 8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 16 More than half of the global Internet users belong to the Asia Pacific region but the true benefits bridging the access gap can be realised only if it leads to socio-economic empowerment of the multifaceted human capital in the region. Enabling access not only involves building infrastructure or connectivity, but also other issues such as access to knowledge and information, affordability, accessibility, inclusion, diversity, digital literacy, among other elements. Resources and support that help to empower access need to be considered. The key to progress in developing societies is education, and the delivery of education resources requires an accessible, affordable and open Internet.
¶ 10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 9 Digital trade and e-commerce are key enablers for the development of the global economy, yet they inevitably challenge traditional national borders. Disruptive innovations such as Blockchain, cloud computing, IoT, Artificial Intelligence (AI), etc have the potential to redesign our interactions in business, politics and society and change existing economic structures and financial ecosystems. Algorithm discrimination, AI ethics and competing concerns of data privacy and surveillance that uses emerging technology need to be weighed against technology as a tool to benefit society.
¶ 11 Leave a comment on paragraph 11 8 Progress of each country toward the UN Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 will require national strategies that integrate social and economic measures. Good national governance and modern legislation are prerequisites for successful economic development. How do we ensure a successful economy with trust, free flow of data, and appropriate domestic and global rules well balancing privacy, security and other regulatory concerns including financial and tax regulations? How shall these emerging technologies or innovations be regulated? What are the implications of the international trade rules currently being negotiated in the name of ‘ecommerce’ on the ability to regulate these technologies and development more broadly? What challenges do emerging technologies and e-commerce, which touch upon finance, logistics, talent training, bring to the trade negotiations and global economy as a whole? Will regional economic cooperation agreements benefit every country or limit Internet fragmentation? What about issues on data-flow, transmission, localization, protection or ownership in the digital economy?
¶ 13 Leave a comment on paragraph 13 3 Diversity and inclusiveness are one of the fundamental principles on Internet governance and key to shaping our sustainable future with everyone’s voice heard. The related capacity building efforts in engaging women, youth, people with disabilities, and other marginalised groups including indigenous people and non English speaking population are important and shall be encouraged. How can e-commerce and digital economy and innovative technology contribute to the empowerment of these marginalized groups? Efforts must be made to make the Internet more hospitable to content in all languages, safe and open for everyone, with the consideration of the cost involved in making this happen as there are many languages across the region. At the same time it becomes necessary to take steps and measures on involving people actively to participate in such initiatives. The Internet community should work with different communities such as the education authorities to develop programmes for digital literacy in all languages.
¶ 14 Leave a comment on paragraph 14 3 Implementation of better and effective policies; encouraging ICT skills and Science Technology Engineering and Math (STEM) studies among women and encouraging digital literacy; policy reforms for ensuring gender inclusive access to the internet; building trust online, including better legislation and enforcement of laws against online harassment; economic incentives to encourage diversity in the workforce; encouraging more engagement among women networks and promoting content in local language.
¶ 16 Leave a comment on paragraph 16 9 Internet governance is not understood by the general public, which tends to focus on a few high-profile issues as presented in the media. There needs to be a communications strategy that raises the public’s awareness of the concept of Internet governance, in the expectation that more stakeholder groups will decide to collaborate. How can we enhance the multi-stakeholder participation and collaboration in Internet Governance? Can the multi-stakeholder model be an effective approach in addressing the issues on Internet Governance?