Open input period for the 2020 APrIGF Synthesis Document
¶ 1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 0 Internet Governance for Good: Norms, Standards and Mechanisms
¶ 2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 Cybersecurity, Safety and Trust
¶ 3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 4 Cybersecurity covers protection of Internet infrastructure from innumerable threats that can cause harm to business processes and people. Strengthening cybersecurity requires that all stakeholders should understand these threats and how to counter them in a coordinated way. As the Internet is ubiquitous, every individual is entitled to feel safe in using the Internet to perform legitimate activities and transactions without the fear of loss of money, personal information, reputation or freedom. However, with the tremendous increase in human activities being mediated through digital platforms, many surveys show a large decline in trust in the Internet.
¶ 4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 1 What are the methodologies and tools to help people use the Internet and digital technology with confidence? Which regulatory approaches can increase trust between users and platforms? What are the roles of all stakeholders in building online trust?
¶ 5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 Sessions under this theme include:
- ¶ 6 Leave a comment on paragraph 6 0
- Not just 0s and 1s : discussing the increasing role of technology in ‘women’s safety’ [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/29b7685fed]
- Breaking Encryption: Is it the Panacea for addressing security issue online? [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/1fbada6c65]
- Combating Live Streaming of Online Child Abuse Content [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/e88f4dec2f]
- Do cybernorms help or hinder incident response activities? [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/483c0571a4]
¶ 7 Leave a comment on paragraph 7 0 Digital Inclusion, Gender Equality and Diversity
¶ 8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 6 Everyone should be given the opportunity to use the Internet as a public good; to receive and impart information for legitimate purposes, regardless of their social status, gender, age, beliefs or financial position. Affordable and reliable access must be provided – using a range of different approaches – equally to all sectors of the community, whether rural or urban, persons with disabilities, indigenous people, vulnerable people and communities, more recently established populations, or new immigrants and refugees. Norms and standards-making must reflect the diversity of experiences, cultures and legitimate developmental needs in all societies, encouraging people to create local content on the Internet in their own languages.
¶ 9 Leave a comment on paragraph 9 0 What technical and organizational approaches enable affordable and reliable access for all? Which methodologies and tools to make the Internet and digital technologies more inclusive and diverse? In terms of access provision and inclusion, what regulatory approaches and best practices need to be in place? What are the roles of all stakeholders in access provision and inclusion, and the provision of education and training for information literacy and digital literacy?
¶ 10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 0 Sessions under this theme include:
- ¶ 11 Leave a comment on paragraph 11 0
- Accessible digital information, training and libraries: Reducing discrimination for persons with disability [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/1281c1adf9]
- Access to information: a holistic approach to meaningful digital inclusion [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/b5f46a3acd]
- New approaches to technical capacity building: an action-oriented dialogue [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/c324f9feea]
- Bridging the digital gender divide: Learnings from the digital gender gap audit scorecard [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/8d35e696a8]
¶ 12 Leave a comment on paragraph 12 0 Human Rights and Ethics
¶ 13 Leave a comment on paragraph 13 2 Human rights (as defined by international human rights instruments and conventions and reflected in national laws) and ethics must be at the core when developing online applications and services as well as the design of regulatory approaches and normative frameworks governing the Internet. This is essential for ensuring accountability, trust and responsible infrastructure management across the Internet. Evidence of various violations gathered through Internet governance processes should form the basis for reviewing existing frameworks and practices towards enabling legal protections and the development and the rethinking of laws and policies, as well as other regulatory approaches.
¶ 14 Leave a comment on paragraph 14 1 Are refinement of definitions and interpretations under national law and regulations focusing on digital rights needed? What ethical codes, standards and best practices as well as regulatory approaches are needed translate the debates around human rights and ethics into implementable actions? What are the roles of governments in the protection of human rights online and how does this include the open participation of all stakeholders, including civil society and the technical community?
¶ 15 Leave a comment on paragraph 15 0 Sessions under this theme include:
- ¶ 16 Leave a comment on paragraph 16 0
- Jack and the Tech Giants: Freedom of Expression and Information in the Tech Era [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/1a292ed512]
- Promoting internet and human rights: Challenges in Establishing Multistakeholder Collaborations [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/9d7f519016]
- The digital rights landscape in Asia Pacific after COVID19 [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/ba3c359cfe]
¶ 17 Leave a comment on paragraph 17 0 Innovation and Development
¶ 18 Leave a comment on paragraph 18 1 As development needs grow larger across the globe, the Internet and related technologies are now seen as an important avenue to scale development solutions, to promote and underpin the Sustainable Development Goals. Technological innovation and the evolution of the Internet and its applications has facilitated the development of the digital economy and substantial advancement in science, agriculture, health and education. For innovation to benefit all, an understanding of incentives for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) as well as start-ups and grassroots communities are important for design, development and use. With so many emerging technologies, it is also important to consider new frontiers such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), big data and the Internet of Things.
¶ 19 Leave a comment on paragraph 19 2 How should the approach for law and regulations be for emerging technologies such as AI, and IoT? What ethical codes, standards and best practices are needed to ensure the open participation of all stakeholders in digital innovation and development? With experience from the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic, what are the ICT development opportunities for education and digital literacy and how can they be implemented? How do we ensure that technology infrastructures are built with consideration of the impact on environment? How can digitalization help to contribute to environmental sustainability and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals?
¶ 20 Leave a comment on paragraph 20 0 Sessions under this theme include:
- ¶ 21 Leave a comment on paragraph 21 0
- The Single, Global Internet – A Technical Discussion [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/141ce75654]
- The Internet’s Environmental Impact: an action-oriented dialogue [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/2f5f7539c4]
- Learn from Home During COVID-19 [https://www.jotform.com/pdf-view/e75340601e]
The progression of cyber security among the human interactions is an inevitable outcome but the barrier to which people being bullied with terms and data gathering is due to the system created by the people themselves. It’s a perfect world where every individual feeling safe online but the very platform is built by a human which means there’s always a back door flaw for intervention and manipulation. Perhaps the only alternative is a platform to be created, generated and regulated fully by a computer from scratch to development which in this sense requires years of human trust in technology to even start taking its shape in the first place.
The word ‘legitimate’ can mean something that ‘conforms to the law’. In many countries (such as India), several consensual and harmless acts online are classified as ‘obscene’, ‘seditious’ etc., and so, ‘illegitimate’ under the law. Can ‘legitimate’ be replaced with ‘ethical’?
I suggest wording this as: “…cause harm to human rights, democratic processes and economic activity.”
To drafting committee:
I suggest we include a sub-heading for “The role of the media”. We will surely receive a lot of input in Townhall sessions that could fit under that heading.