Open input period for the 2018 APrIGF Port Vila Synthesis Document

1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 0 Open input period for the 2018 Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum – Empowering Communities in Asia Pacific to build an Affordable, Inclusive, Open and Secure Internet

2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 The AP community is invited to contribute input based on the six following sub-themes I. Cybersecurity, II. Online Privacy and Protection, III. Access and Empowerment, IV. Digital Economy and Emerging Internet Technologies, V. Diversity, and VI. Multi-stakeholder Participation in Internet Governance.  The input received will be synthesized for discussion during the APrIGF 2018 Port Vila meeting.

3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 Cybersecurity

4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 1 Cybersecurity has become a key growing concern for many especially in developing economies where security measures has yet to catch up with the exponential growth of online economies and the emerging technologies. How can we assess the risks and ensure a secured Internet in the era of Internet of Things, an autonomous world, or under the rapid development of financial technologies? Are there any law enforcement challenges while maintaining the balance between privacy and protection? What are the powers and responsibilities of all the stakeholders in this space?

5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 Online Privacy and Protection

6 Leave a comment on paragraph 6 2 Privacy and data protection are critical issues now, especially as they may come into conflict with freedom of expression, and can result in data-driven discrimination. It is important to protect and respect the rights of users while ensuring digital security as a whole. In addition, it is vital for all stakeholders to cooperate and collaborate on effective policies and frameworks[1] to uphold the freedom of expression online, free flow of information, and the protection of children and youth and women online. The Internet community should take a proactive approach (contributing to the efforts of regulators and legislators to strengthen online privacy and data protection), and also collaborate with agencies and organisations which are trying to combat ‘hate speech’.

7 Leave a comment on paragraph 7 0 Access and Empowerment

8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 1 More than half of the global Internet users belong to the Asia Pacific region but the true benefits bridging the access gap can be realised only if it leads to socio-economic empowerment of the multifaceted human capital in the region. Enabling access not only involves building infrastructure or connectivity, but also other issues such as access to knowledge and information, affordability, accessibility, inclusion, diversity, digital literacy, among other elements. The key to progress in developing societies is education, and the delivery of education resources requires an accessible, affordable and open Internet.

9 Leave a comment on paragraph 9 0 Digital Economy[2] and Emerging Internet Technologies

10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 2 Digital trade and e-commerce are key enablers for the development of the global economy, yet they inevitably challenge traditional national borders. Disruptive innovations such as Blockchain, cloud computing, IoT, Artificial Intelligence, etc have the potential to redesign our interactions in business, politics and society. Progress of each country toward the UN Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 will require national strategies that integrate social and economic measures. Good national governance and modern legislation are prerequisites for successful economic development. How do we ensure a successful economy with trust, free flow of information, and appropriate domestic and global rules? How shall these emerging technologies or innovations be regulated? How can they be harmoniously combined with the existing global trade regimes? What challenges do emerging technologies and E-commerce bring to the trade negotiations and global economy as a whole?

11 Leave a comment on paragraph 11 0 Diversity and Inclusion

12 Leave a comment on paragraph 12 2 Diversity and inclusiveness are one of the fundamental principles on Internet governance and key to shaping our sustainable future with everyone’s voice heard. The related capacity building efforts in engaging women, youth, people with disabilities, and other marginalised groups including indigenous peoples and non English speaking population are important and shall be encouraged.  Efforts must be made to make the Internet more hospitable to content in all languages. The Internet community should work with education authorities to develop programmes for digital literacy in all languages.

13 Leave a comment on paragraph 13 0 Multi-stakeholder Participation in Internet Governance

14 Leave a comment on paragraph 14 0 Internet governance is not understood by the general public, which tends to focus on a few high-profile issues as presented in the media. There needs to be a communications strategy that raises the public’s awareness of the concept of Internet governance, in the expectation that more stakeholder groups will decide to collaborate. How can we enhance the multi-stakeholder participation and collaboration in Internet Governance? Can the multi-stakeholder model be an effective approach in addressing the issues on Internet Governance?

15 Leave a comment on paragraph 15 0 [1] All stakeholders should reaffirm their adherence to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/

16 Leave a comment on paragraph 16 0 [2]Digital Economy, Don Tapscott (1995): “The digital economy requires a new kind of business person: one who has the curiosity and confidence to let go of old mental models and old paradigms; one who tempers the needs for business growth and profit with the requirements of employees, customers, and society for privacy, fairness, and a share in the wealth he or she creates; one who has the vision to think socially, the courage to act, and the strength to lead in the face of coolness or even ridicule.”
Three Elements of Digital Economy, Thomas Mesenbourg (2001) 1. e-business infrastructure (hardware, software, telecoms, networks, human capital, etc.), 2. e-business (how business is conducted, any process that an organization conducts over computer-mediated networks), 3. e-commerce (transfer of goods, for example when a book is sold online)
OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2015: “The digital economy is growing quickly (OECD, 2013a). It permeates the world economy from retail (e-commerce) to transportation (automated vehicles), education (Massive Open Online Courses), health (electronic records and personalized medicine), social interactions and personal relationships (social networks). Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are integral to professional and personal life; individuals, businesses and governments are increasingly inter-connected via a host of devices at home and at work, in public spaces and on the move.”

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Source: https://comment.rigf.asia/open-input-period-for-the-2018-aprigf-port-vila-synthesis-document/